New techniques are being introduced in infertility treatment. Sonography or ultrasound is one approach to infertile couple. Sonography is the initial step in the process of diagnosing and curing any patient but it has a vital role to play. High frequency radio sound waves are made to penetrate to the level of pelvic organs. The waves after touching the surface of pelvic organs get reflected and the same are received as black and white images on the screen which determine the exact condition of that part.

Besides Trans-abdominal Sonography, commonly used technique, Trans-vaginal Sonography is the standard ultrasound technique which is used these days for infertility. It uses a long and slender probe to get inside the vagina; the images are then taken on the screen. Images received are clearer when taken through this technique as the probe reached closer to the pelvic parts in this case.